By Bengt Sundkler
В книге об африканских христианских церквях рассматривается полная история развития христианства во всех регионах континента. В отличие от обычного для таких исследований интереса, в основном, к миссионерской деятельности, авторы ставят в центре своего исследования местные африканские особенности христианства. Африканские христиане, обычно занимавшие лучшее положение в обществе, давали иное толкование христианским текстам, прозелитизму, управлению местными конгрегациями и организации независимых церквей. Подчеркивая инициативы африканцев в процессе христианизации, авторы доказывают, что развитие церкви было сформировано африканскими королями и их придворными, историей трудовой миграции и колонизации.Бенгт Сандклер был ведущим специалистом по африканской христианской
Церкви, он также задавал тон в изучении независимых Церквей в Африке. У него была долгая карьера миссионера в Южной Африке и в Танзании, где он стал лютеранским епископом Букобы в Танзании, перед возвращением в
Швецию в качестве профессора истории церкви в Университете Упсалы.
Кристофер Стид был помощником Бенгта Сандклера в данном исследовании, и в настоящее время он преподает африканскую историю в Университете Упсалы.Образцы сканов:
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Additional resources for A History of the Church in Africa
15 At the time of St Pachomius' death in 346, there were nine monasteries for men and two convents for women, one of these under the leadership of Pachomius' sister, Mary. The rapid growth of the movement is seen in the fact that at Easter 390, no less than 50,000 monks congregated for the feast. This also explains the rural masses' transition to Christianity in Upper Egypt. The monks were the missionaries of the Church. They were at the same time enthusiastic local leaders of a Coptic national movement about to emerge in the ®fth century.
Gnosticism was a complex religious movement with roots in the Old Testament and claiming 12 the beginnings to possess certain secret knowledge ± `gnosis'. Alexandria had these Gnostic systems. Collections of Gnostic manuscripts have been found in the socalled `Nag Hammadi' texts discovered in 1945 in an old fortress in the desert in Upper Egypt. A young priest named Arius, felt that he could lean on Origen for his own doctrine. In order to extol the person of the Father in the Trinity, to safeguard the unity of God, he made the position of the Word (Logos) ± the Son ± secondary and subordinate.
Finally, around 1170, the cathedral dome and the nave vault were destroyed, although for a time the side aisles could still be used for worship. 41 Alodia and Soba In 580 the ruler of Alodia approached his colleague in Nobatia to ask for missionaries. Dr Jacobielski has pointed out that in Alodia Christianization did not appear through a sudden change but had been prepared by an `in®ltration of Christianity' from the neighbouring country of Aksum. Soba, the southern-most kingdom, takes the Church 400 miles further south into Africa.
A History of the Church in Africa by Bengt Sundkler