By Nigel Foreman
Spatial cognition is a huge box of enquiry, rising from a variety of disciplines and incorporating a wide selection of paradigms which were hired with human and animal matters. This quantity is a part of a - quantity guide reviewing the key paradigms utilized in all of the members' learn areas.; This quantity considers the problems of neurophysiological features of spatial cognition, the overview of cognitive spatial deficits bobbing up from neural harm in people and animals, and the statement of spatial behaviours in animals of their typical habitats.; This instruction manual can be of curiosity to new and outdated scholars alike. the coed new to spatial examine should be introduced up-to- pace with a selected diversity of recommendations, made conscious of the heritage and pitfalls of specific methods, and directed towards helpful assets. For professional researchers, the instruction manual presents a fast experiment of the to be had instruments that they may desire to reflect on as possible choices whilst wishing to respond to a specific "spatial" study challenge.
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Extra resources for A Handbook Of Spatial Research Paradigms And Methodologies: Clinical and Comparative Approaches (Handbook of Spatial Research Paradigms & Methodologies)
The O'Keefe and Nadel model was largely tested with rodents, and more recent work has shown that cells in the monkey hippocampus have firing patterns that relate more closely to particular bodily movements and facing direction than to position in space per se (O'Mara, Rolls, Berthoz and Kesner, 1994). The model has been elaborated rather than replaced, in so far as neural structures other than hippocampus, such as frontal and parietal cortices, have also been shown to play important roles in spatially organised behaviour (Poucet, 1993), different forms of spatial representation and strategy may be engaged, according to task requirements (Thinus-Blanc, 1996), and aspects of the environment other than landmark arrays, such as room geometry (Cheng, 1986; Gallistel, 1990) may be used for orientation purposes.
Neurophysiological factors in the development of spatial skills. In J. J. ), Children's spatial development. : Charles C. Thomas. O. (1949). The organization of behavior. New York: Wiley. , & Hein, A. (1963). Movement-produced stimulation in the development of visually guided behavior. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 56, 872-876. Holmes, G. (1919). Disturbances of visual orientation. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 2, 449-468. Joravsky, D. (1989). Russian psychology: A critical history.
Volume 2 moves on to consider specifically the paradigms employed to identify the mechanisms underpinning spatial behaviours, and the parameters of performance, via clinical, neurobehavioural and comparative approaches. These are concerned with spatial representations in the damaged human brain (the clinical approach), comparative studies of nonhuman spatial cognition, brain function and the recovery of spatial brain function (the neurobehavioural approach) and the evolution of spatial processes, addressing the ways in which spatial/navigational skills can be examined in natural conditions in animals inhabiting a variety of environmental niches (the ethological approach).
A Handbook Of Spatial Research Paradigms And Methodologies: Clinical and Comparative Approaches (Handbook of Spatial Research Paradigms & Methodologies) by Nigel Foreman