By Egon Friedell
Cultural heritage of the trendy Age: Renaissance and Reformation
Historian, thinker, critic, playwright, journalist, and actor, Egon Friedell was once a key determine within the notable flowering of Viennese tradition among the 2 global wars. His masterpiece, A Cultural heritage of the trendy Age, demonstrates the highbrow universality that Friedell observed as guarantor of the continuity and regeneration of ecu civilization.
Following a super establishing essay on cultural heritage and why it's going to be studied, the 1st quantity starts off with an research of the transformation of the Medieval brain because it developed from the Black demise to the Thirty Years struggle. The emphasis is at the non secular and cultural vortex of civilization, yet Friedell by no means forgets the eu roots in pestilence, dying, and superstition that animate a opposite force towards cause, refinement, highbrow interest, and clinical wisdom. whereas those values reached their apogee in the course of the Renaissance, Friedell indicates that every cultural victory is precarious, and Europe was once continuously at risk of slipping again into barbarism. Friedell's historic imaginative and prescient embraces the total of Western tradition and its improvement. it's a constant probing for the divine within the world's direction and is, for that reason, theology; it truly is examine into the fundamental forces of the human soul and is, accordingly, psychology; it's the so much illuminating presentation of the types of country and society and, accordingly, is politics; the main assorted selection of all art-creations and is, consequently, aesthetics.
Thomas Mann looked Friedell as one of many nice stylists within the German language. just like the works of the nice novelist, A Cultural heritage of the trendy Age bargains a dramatic heritage of the final six centuries, exhibiting the using forces of every age. the recent creation presents a desirable biographical comic strip of Friedell and his cultural milieu and analyzes his position in highbrow heritage.
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Extra resources for A Cultural History of the Modern Age, Volume 1
And it shows how each side sought to come to terms with the climactic Franco-German conflict over the Ruhr – as well as the larger problems of reparations and European insecurity underlying it. Then follows a re-appraisal of what impact British and American stabilisation strategies had on the recasting of postwar relations between the western powers and Germany after the caesura of 1923. Finally, my analysis seeks to shed new light on the making of the Dawes plan and the 1924 London settlement, re-evaluating it as the first ‘real’ peace settlement in Europe after the Great War.
Further, and crucially, they were the only powers that could induce France and Germany to accept these rules and endorse peaceful change. Even though each was in its own way constrained – Britain, financially; America, politically – they could do so not only due to their power capabilities but also by virtue of their foreign-policy approaches and systemic leverage. 38 At the same time, through the war the centre of gravity in the international monetary system had shifted from London to New York.
18 Indubitably, no feature in Wilson’s postwar edifice was more important than its centrepiece, or rather superstructure: the League. Yet his plans for it long remained remarkably imprecise. They were only fleshed out just before the 16 17 18 On Republican progressivism see chapter 5. Cf. Walworth (1986); Gelfand (1998), pp. 189–203. Wilson, ‘Fourteen Points’, PWW, XLV, pp. 537–8. 19 The ‘general association’ of nations Wilson presented to the delegates at Versailles was to found peace on universal disarmament, enabling arms reductions not only among the vanquished but also the victors.
A Cultural History of the Modern Age, Volume 1 by Egon Friedell