Download e-book for kindle: A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, by David S. Mason

By David S. Mason

ISBN-10: 1442205342

ISBN-13: 9781442205345

Highlighting the major occasions, principles, and members that experience formed glossy Europe, this clean and vigorous e-book offers a succinct heritage of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring topic of revolution, David S. Mason explores the motives and outcomes of revolution: political, monetary, and clinical; the advance of human rights; and problems with eu id and integration. He intentionally avoids a close chronology of each state and period of time by way of emphasizing the main an important occasions in shaping modern Europe. Fourteen targeted chapters tackle such topical matters because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the commercial Revolution; the theories and effect of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; eu imperialism; the 2 global Wars; the chilly warfare and decolonization; and the evolution and growth of the eu Union. Any reader wanting a extensive evaluation of the sweep of eu historical past when you consider that 1789 will locate this e-book, released in a primary variation below the identify Revolutionary Europe, an attractive and cohesive narrative.

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A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, - download pdf or read online

Highlighting the most important occasions, rules, and members that experience formed glossy Europe, this clean and energetic e-book offers a succinct heritage of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring topic of revolution, David S. Mason explores the motives and effects of revolution: political, monetary, and clinical; the advance of human rights; and problems with eu id and integration.

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Extra resources for A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity

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Indb 23 10/28/10 11:05 AM 24 Chapter 2 century, the ideas of the Enlightenment, and weaknesses in the monarchy. The short-term factors were primarily economic: government debt, a financial crisis, and a bad harvest year. The financial crisis led the king to convoke a meeting of the Estates General in 1789, and from there events cascaded out of control. During most of the eighteenth century, France experienced both economic stability and growth. Agricultural productivity and industrial production increased steadily in the middle part of the century, and the literacy rate of the population grew from 21 percent at the beginning of the century to 37 percent at the end.

But it soon became clear that the engine could be used for other purposes as well. In the 1790s, the cottonspinning mule was adapted to steam power, instantly increasing output to a hundred times that of a worker on a manual spinning wheel. This was indeed a revolutionary change in the single most important and widespread industry in Britain. indb 39 10/28/10 11:05 AM 40 Chapter 3 These new machines led to another innovation, the factory. Steam and water power required the concentration of labor close to the power source, and the heavy equipment (spinning machines, power looms, and steam engines) necessitated large buildings in which to house them.

A few months later, Robespierre followed him to the guillotine. After the death of Robespierre, the convention dismantled the revolutionary dictatorship, wrote yet another constitution, and established a fiveman Directory to hold executive power. The Directory would last for four years, trying to find middle ground between radical revolution and royalist reaction. Still at war with the rest of Europe and facing continuing political ferment, the Directory increasingly came to rely for support on the military as its own political legitimacy waned.

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A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity by David S. Mason


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