By Donald B. Freeman
In an insightful new learn, Donald Freeman examines the advance and value of city agriculture in Nairobi, Kenya, overturning a couple of universal assumptions concerning the population and economic system of African towns. He addresses the ways that city agriculture suits right into a broader photo of Kenyan social and monetary improvement and discusses the consequences of his findings for improvement idea quite often. Freeman starts via exploring the context of city agriculture, tracing its improvement within the colonial and post-colonial urban. He then presents a close description of city farmers, their land use practices, and their plants. Freeman accumulated this wealthy physique of knowledge via on-site surveys of 618 small-scale cultivators in ten assorted elements of Nairobi. He concludes by means of contemplating the results of the burgeoning perform of city agriculture for the cultivators themselves, for the town, and for the constructing financial system of Kenya. even if the empirical paintings is targeted on Nairobi and its casual zone, the scope and implications of the examine are broader and the conclusions appropriate to different elements of the 3rd international. "Urban" efficient actions within the 3rd international, Freeman indicates, desire redefining to take account of easy nutrition construction within the urban and its interrelationships with different casual and formal sectors. A urban of Farmers will curiosity not just financial geographers and scholars and students of improvement stories and African heritage yet an individual interested by financial and social stipulations within the 3rd global.
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Extra resources for A City of Farmers: Informal Urban Agriculture in the Open Spaces of Nairobi, Kenya
Lower-income areas, as might be suspected, have never been satisfactorily supplied with water. Reservoirs, treatment plants, and pipelines were intended primarily for the upper-income residents. Buffer zones around reservoirs such as the Nairobi dam have, nevertheless, added to the open space in the urban area, and in recent years have proven ideal for urban cultivation. Additional space in Nairobi and other Kenyan towns was to be found in the system of roads and rights of way. Main roads in the 33 Early Years in Nairobi unplanned settlement of Nairobi, even from the earliest years, were extremely wide as a result of Governor Ainsworth's insistence (as chairman of the town committee) that they be broad enough to permit the turning of a wagon pulled by a full span of oxen (Hake 1977, 27).
Nairobi, circa 1906 24 Context of Urban Agriculture westward was rerouted away from the core of the city at mid-century. This major realignment, which involved removing the section of track that ran from the western end of the Nairobi station, along what is now Uhuru Highway and Waiyaki Way, had been suggested as early as 1927 by a government consultant, E Walton Jameson (Hake 1977, 44). The new alignment took the rails south of Haile Selassie Avenue, skirting "the Hill" with its European residences originally occupied by railway officials, and following the northern banks of the Nairobi dam towards Dagoretti Corner, a major African market centre near the former Kikuyu reserve.
Mabogunje elaborates on the cycle of rural-urban migration, the failure to secure formal wage jobs, and the growth of an informal sector, he does not explicitly include urban agriculture (Mabogunje 1980, 1838). Although he notes that women tend to predominate in the lowerincome, small-scale enterprises (especially petty trading) that make up the informal sector, Mabogunje stresses the dichotomy between rural and urban and does not acknowledge that the dividing line between the two may be blurred in large African cities.
A City of Farmers: Informal Urban Agriculture in the Open Spaces of Nairobi, Kenya by Donald B. Freeman