Download e-book for iPad: A better integrated management of disaster risks : toward by edited by S. Ikeda, T. Fukuzona, T. Sato.

By edited by S. Ikeda, T. Fukuzona, T. Sato.

ISBN-10: 4887041403

ISBN-13: 9784887041400

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Additional resources for A better integrated management of disaster risks : toward resilient society to emerging disaster risks in mega-cities

Example text

Adding a meter Integration Framework of Flood Risk Management 43 of bank on an existing one-meter bank is usually less expensive than adding one on two-meter bank. However, benefit is usually larger in the first raise than in the second one. Therefore, cost efficiency of risk mitigation measures necessarily diminishes (Fig. 1). Pursuing further risk reduction by structural measures is being more and more difficult both in mega-city areas and in rural areas in Japan. In city areas, there are physical difficulties, as previously mentioned.

4) Social Resilience to flood risks is the ability of society to withstand the hazard as a result of efforts in disaster risk management. 1 Flood hazards One of the characteristics of flood risk in Japan is the significant qualitative and quantitative changes in the flood hazard resulting from human activities such as flood control measures, a trend that grows stronger during periods of high economic growth. As a result, the frequency and intensity of floods has drastically decreased, increasing the possibility and complexity of catastrophic flooding and creating a cascading series of flood hazards in urban areas.

For example, in Japan, recent flood disasters resulting from embankment failures have led to catastrophic damage and consequences. The general economic loss caused by the 2000 Tokai flood disaster, in which the metropolitan areas of Nagoya were flooded, was the worst in 40 years. Furthermore, embankment failures led to serious damage in a number of provincial urban areas in 2004, with the drowning of elderly people a major issue in Niigata. New risks have also been identified in urban areas. In 1999, the underground shopping mall at Hakata Station in Fukuoka, Japan’s sixth largest city, was flooded, and one life was lost in a building basement.

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A better integrated management of disaster risks : toward resilient society to emerging disaster risks in mega-cities by edited by S. Ikeda, T. Fukuzona, T. Sato.


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